VB.NET生成随机串或随机数字的方法总结

2017-02-15 .NET
本篇文章主要介绍了VB.NET生成随机串或随机数字的方法,具有一定的参考价值,有需要的可以了解一下。

本文一共介绍了5种生成随机数方式,具体如下:

第一种:转载的方法

Public Enum stringtype
    allstring = 1    '大小写字母
    allnumic = 2    '数字
    str_num = 3    '大小写字母+数字
    str_upper = 4    '大写字母
    str_lower = 5 '大写字母  
  End Enum
  Function GenerateRandom(ByVal Length As Integer, ByVal s As stringtype) As String
    Dim strtemp As String = ""
    Dim constant() As String = Nothing
    Select Case s
      Case stringtype.allnumic
        strtemp = "0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9"
        constant = strtemp.Split(",")
      Case stringtype.allstring
        strtemp = "a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k,m,n,o,p,q,r,s,t,u,v,w,x,y,z,A,B,C,D,E,F,D,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W,X,X,Y,Z"
        constant = strtemp.Split(",")
      Case stringtype.str_lower
        strtemp = "a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k,m,n,o,p,q,r,s,t,u,v,w,x,y,z"
        constant = strtemp.Split(",")
      Case stringtype.str_num
        strtemp = "a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k,m,n,o,p,q,r,s,t,u,v,w,x,y,z,A,B,C,D,E,F,D,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W,X,X,Y,Z,0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9"
        constant = strtemp.Split(",")
      Case stringtype.str_upper
        strtemp = "A,B,C,E,F,D,G,H,I,J,K,L,M,N,P,Q,R,S,T,U,V,W,X,Y,Z"
        constant = strtemp.Split(",")
    End Select
    Dim NewRandom As System.Text.StringBuilder = New System.Text.StringBuilder(Length)
    Dim rd As Random = New Random()
    Dim i As Integer
    For i = 0 To Length - 1 Step i + 1
      NewRandom.Append(constant(rd.Next(constant.Length - 1)))
    Next
    Return NewRandom.ToString()
  End Function
第二种:网上查找
Public Function GetOAuthNonce() As String ' 得到随机值
    Dim result As String = System.Guid.NewGuid().ToString()
    result = result.Replace("-", "")
    Return result.Substring(0, 10)
  End Function

Public Function RandCode(ByVal n As Integer) As String
    Dim arrChar As Char() = New Char() {"a"c, "b"c, "d"c, "c"c, "e"c, "f"c, _
                      "g"c, "h"c, "i"c, "j"c, "k"c, "l"c, _
                      "m"c, "n"c, "p"c, "r"c, "q"c, "s"c, _
                      "t"c, "u"c, "v"c, "w"c, "z"c, "y"c, _
                      "x"c, "0"c, "1"c, "2"c, "3"c, "4"c, _
                      "5"c, "6"c, "7"c, "8"c, "9"c, "A"c, _
                      "B"c, "C"c, "D"c, "E"c, "F"c, "G"c, _
                      "H"c, "I"c, "J"c, "K"c, "L"c, "M"c, _
                      "N"c, "Q"c, "P"c, "R"c, "T"c, "S"c, _
                      "V"c, "U"c, "W"c, "X"c, "Y"c, "Z"c}
    Dim num As New StringBuilder()
    Dim rnd As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)
    For i As Integer = 0 To n - 1
      num.Append(arrChar(rnd.[Next](0, arrChar.Length)).ToString())
    Next
    Return num.ToString()
  End Function
第三种:原来是C#转换
Public Function RandCode(ByVal n As Integer) As String
    Dim arrChar As Char() = New Char() {"a"c, "b"c, "d"c, "c"c, "e"c, "f"c, _
                      "g"c, "h"c, "i"c, "j"c, "k"c, "l"c, _
                      "m"c, "n"c, "p"c, "r"c, "q"c, "s"c, _
                      "t"c, "u"c, "v"c, "w"c, "z"c, "y"c, _
                      "x"c, "0"c, "1"c, "2"c, "3"c, "4"c, _
                      "5"c, "6"c, "7"c, "8"c, "9"c, "A"c, _
                      "B"c, "C"c, "D"c, "E"c, "F"c, "G"c, _
                      "H"c, "I"c, "J"c, "K"c, "L"c, "M"c, _
                      "N"c, "Q"c, "P"c, "R"c, "T"c, "S"c, _
                      "V"c, "U"c, "W"c, "X"c, "Y"c, "Z"c}
    Dim num As New StringBuilder()
    Dim rnd As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)
    For i As Integer = 0 To n - 1
      num.Append(arrChar(rnd.[Next](0, arrChar.Length)).ToString())
    Next
    Return num.ToString()
  End Function
第四种:利用VB6转换
Function makeRand(ByVal maxLen As Integer) As String '生成签名时用随机串
    Dim strNewPass As String = vbNullString
    Dim lower As Long
    Dim whatsNext As Long
    Dim upper As Long
    Dim intCounter As Long
    Randomize()
    For intCounter = 1 To maxLen
      whatsNext = Int((1 - 0 + 1) * Rnd() + 0)
      If whatsNext = 0 Then
        upper = 122
        lower = 100
      Else
        upper = 57
        lower = 48
      End If
      strNewPass = strNewPass & Chr(Int((upper - lower + 1) * Rnd() + lower))
    Next
    makeRand = strNewPass
  End Function
第五种:直接用VB.NET函数
Dim rand As Random = New System.Random(10)‘这里10就代表是10为
 Debug.Print(rand.Next().ToString)
原文链接:http://blog.csdn.net/lcp58006478/article/details/8958460